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什么是“环保110”? 怎样实施科学的环保管理?沈阳水处理设备-沈阳污水处理设备-沈阳软化水设备

什么是“环保110”? 怎样实施科学的环保管理?沈阳水处理设备-沈阳污水处理设备-沈阳软化水设备

什么是“环保110”? 怎样实施科学的环保管理?
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什么是“环保110”?

针对当前环保行政执法和环境管理与群众投诉不相适应的状况,上海市开通了环保应急热线62863110,即所谓的“环保110”。今后电话号码将简化为63110(“绿色110”的谐音)。这是全国环保系统中首个“环保110”。随着环保力度的加强,全国各地将先后推行环保应急热线。

   环保应急热线的职责范围是:受理和组织在全市范围内发生的重大污染事故受理对排污单位污染非法排放的举报,如偷排、直排等;受理和处理由环境问题引发的可能造成社会不稳定的事件;协助有关部门处理可能对环境造成影响的重大事件;其它无需到现场处理的环境污染问题,环保应急热线可24小时接受上述范围内的全市群众的投诉。

   对于污染排放单位来说,环保110的开通既是压力又是动力,我们只有认真做好污染的管理。

怎样实施科学的环保管理?

 保护环境已经成为我国经济持续发展的基本国策,因此,废水处理应符合我国制定的环境保护法规和方针政策。在环保的规划设计中,必须把生产观点和生态观念、环境保护结合起来统筹考虑,把治理废水和改进生产工艺、实行清洁生产结合起来统筹考虑。通过系统的分析和考证,寻求比较合理的治理方案。环保管理的主要原则归纳起来有以下几点: (1) 淘汰不合理的产品 对于一些传统的、低产值的、废水治理难度极大的垃圾产品应该下决心用高产值的、技术含量高的产品置换掉。如果某产品的年利润还抵不上每年用于废水的治理成本,这样的产品应下决心停止生产,换上污染少且易于治理达标的产品。

(2) 加强管理,减少污染 企业管理也是防治污染的一个重要因素。如设备的跑、冒、滴、漏;不按操作规程办事造成的生产事故或产品报废等导致的大量高浓度废水的产生;用大量的水冲洗设备与地面,造成废水量的增加;冷却水与生产废水未做到“清浊分流”,都会增加废水的水量和废水的治理难度。

(3) 建立区域性的小型污水处理厂 对工厂比较集中的地方,不必套用“谁污染,谁治理”的原则,而应该加强各企业间的联系,统筹考虑污染的治理对策,若有必要和可能,可将各个工厂的废水集中处理,建立统一的污水处理厂,实行“谁污染,谁出钱”的治理方法。因为各个工厂由于产品的不同,废水的水质也不是一样的,如有的工厂的废水是酸性的,而有的工厂的废水却是碱性的,放在一起处理可以减少中和药剂的处理费用;有的工厂排出的高盐分低COD的废水,而有的工厂的废水却是高浓度易生物降解的,如果单独处理的话,都是治理难度很大的废水,但如果放在一起进行生化处理,由于水质条件的改善,不仅可以减少废水的处理难度,而且可以提高处理效率。

(4) 提高水的循环利用率 为了减少废水水量,首先应该在废水产生的源头上多做文章。如可以考虑水的循环利用、或多次重复利用,提高水的循环利用率,尽量减少外排水量。在国外,某些先进企业水的循环利用率已经达到96%以上,而上海生产企业水的循环利用率还停留在20-30%的较低水平,尚有很大的潜力可以挖掘。提高生产用水的循环利用率不仅可以减轻环境污染,而且还能减少新鲜水的补充用量,在一定程度上可以缓和日益紧张的水资源问题。在废水处理时,也应该尽量考虑处理出水的循环使用。

 (5) 回收利用和综合利用 废水中的污染物,都是在生产过程中进入水中的原材料、半成品、成品和反应介质(如溶剂),特别是精细化工生产中一些化学反应往往不能十分安全,产品的分离过程也不可能十分彻底,因此在废水中尤其是在反应母液中常含有一定数量的有用物质。排放这些污染物质,就会污染环境,造成危害。但若加以回收利用或综合利用,便可以变废为宝,化害为利;或以废治废,取长补短,综合治理,就可以节省水处理的费用。

What is the "environmental 110"? How to implement the scientific management of environmental protection? Shenyang water treatment equipment - shenyang sewage treatment equipment - shenyang demineralized water equipment

What is the "environmental 110"?

In view of the current environmental administrative law enforcement and environment management and the masses to complain, Shanghai opened environmental emergency 62863110 hotline, the so-called "environmental 110". For the next number will simplify 63110 (" green 110 "homophonic). This is the national environmental protection system in the first "green" 110. With the strengthening environmental dynamics, across the country will successively environmental emergency hotline. Environmental emergency hotline within the scope of their functions and organization is in the range of major pollution accident happened to accept emissions of illegal units pollution, such as stealing, in-line etc, Acceptance and environmental problems caused by the may cause social instability of events, Assist department concerned may impact on environment, the major events, Others need to handle problems of environmental pollution, and environmental emergency hotline can accept the 24 hour within the scope of the masses' complaints. For pollution emission unit, the opening of environmental pressure is 110 is power, we only earnestly pollution management.

How to implement the scientific management of environmental protection?

To protect our environment has become the basic state policy of sustained economic development, therefore, wastewater treatment in China should comply with the environmental protection regulations formulated and policy. In the environmental planning, design, production and ecological view must be combined concept, environmental protection, water treatment overall consideration and improve production technology, clean production combining overall consideration. Through the analysis and research of the system, seek more reasonable project. The main principles of environmental management summed up and have the following: (1) the elimination of unreasonable to some of the traditional products and low value of wastewater treatment, waste products should be extremely hard to use high value, high technical content of the product replacement. If a product in the annual profit is not cost, this treatment of wastewater products shall be determined to stop production, less pollution and easy to change the product management.

(2) strengthening the management of enterprise management, reduce pollution prevention and control of pollution is one of the most important factors. If the equipment running, leakage, Don't act according to the procedures of production accidents or discarded in high amounts of etc of wastewater. Flush with plenty of water, wastewater treatment equipments and ground is increasing, Cooling water and wastewater treatment fails to do QingZhuo "tap", will increase the amount of water and wastewater treatment of wastewater difficulty.

(3) establish a regional small sewage plant more concentrated on the place, not to "who pollution, who management" principle, and should strengthen the connection between the enterprise and overall consideration pollution control measures, and may, if necessary, and will be on all the wastewater treatment plant, a unified wastewater treatment, "who pollution, who pay" treatment. Because every factory because of different products, wastewater quality is not the same, if some factories are acidic waste, and some factory is an alkaline, together with the potion and can reduce cost, Some factories discharge high low salinity of COD, and some factory of waste water is high, if the biodegradation of yi, the separate treatment of wastewater treatment is very difficult, but if put together, because the water on biochemical treatment conditions to improve, not only can reduce wastewater treatment, and can improve the treatment efficiency.

(4) to improve the utilization ratio of water to reduce waste water, should first produced in the source of water more fuss. If can consider water recycle, or repeated use, raise the utilization ratio of water, reduce external drainage. Abroad, some advanced enterprise of water cycle has reached above 96%, utilization and Shanghai production enterprise of water cycle utilization still stays in the 20-30% of the lower level, there is great potential to dig. Improve the production water circulation efficiency can not only reduce environmental pollution, but also can reduce the dosage of fresh water is added in a certain extent, can alleviate the water problems growing tension. In wastewater treatment, also should consider using water circulation processing.

(5) recycling and comprehensive utilization of water pollutants, are in the process of production of raw materials, semi-finished products into the water, finished goods and reaction medium (such as solvent), especially fine chemical production of some of the chemical reaction is often cannot separation process, product safety and may not be very thoroughly, so in wastewater especially in reaction mother often contain a certain quantity of useful material. These pollutants discharge, will cause harm to the environment pollution,. But if be recycled or use integratedly, can reuse, for good, Or to draw, and comprehensive management, can save water treatment costs.

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